Psidium guajava

Psidium guajavathe common guava[1] yellow guava[1] or lemon guava[1] is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the CaribbeanCentral America and South America.

Widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, guava fruits can range in size from as small as an apricot to as large as a grapefruit. Various cultivars have white, pink, or red flesh, and a few also feature red instead of green or yellow skin.

When cultivated from seed, guavas are notable for an extremely slow growth rate for several months, before a very rapid acceleration in growth rate takes over. From seed, common guavas may bloom and set fruit in as few as two years or as many as eight. Cuttings, grafting, and air layering are more commonly used as a propagation method in commercial groves. Highly adaptable, guavas can be easily grown as container plants in temperate regions, though their ability to bloom and set fruit is somewhat less predictable.

In some tropical locations, guavas can become invasive. The plant is used in many different shampoo products for its scent.

psidium guajava

It is also becoming a popular bonsai species and is currently quite popular in India and Eastern Asia. The leaves of P. Guava wood from Hawaii is commonly used for the smoking of meat. The wood is resistant to insect and fungal attack. Psidium guajava has been used in traditional medicine in many cultures throughout Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia.

Guava is an edible fruit and can be eaten raw or cooked. The processing of the fruits yields by-products that can be fed to livestock. It is very useful to our health. The leaves can also be used as fodder. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Apple Guava.

Retrieved February 6, Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved April 22, Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Guava Psidium guajava. Hidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata Taxonbars with 25—29 taxon IDs. Namespaces Article Talk.JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Notify me when this product is back in stock.

Availability: Currently unavailable, please check back. Notify me when this product's price changes. For printable version click here. When I received this plant, it came in excellent condition.

It is one of the neatest plants I know own because of just how tiny this guy is. I can see this little guy resembling a bonsai guava once it grows a little. I am extremely happy with this guy and cant wait to see it in fruit! Search: Search. More Views. Add to Wishlist Add to Compare Notify me when this product is back in stock. We found this dwarf cultivar in Maui and knew at once that it was made for the potted garden.

They flower and fruit throughout most of the year; in the north, spring to summer is their usual time to fruit. Amazing plant! My Cart. Follow us. Sign up for Email Specials Featuring special offers, promotions, tips for more successful growing and previews of new plant introductions. Featuring special offers, promotions, tips for more successful growing and previews of new plant introductions.Psidium guajava L.

Show All Show Tabs guava. Scott Henderson. Ecuador, Galapagos Islands. Usage Requirements.

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Steve Hurst. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany. Provided by National Agricultural Library. United States, FL.

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Dwarf Guava (Psidium guajava nana)

Subordinate Taxa. Legal Status.

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This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above.

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Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U. Wetland Status. Related Links. Name Search. State Search. Advanced Search. Search Help. Alternative Crops.

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Growth Habit :. Native Status :. Data Source and Documentation. Native Status:. Plantae — Plants. Tracheobionta — Vascular plants. Spermatophyta — Seed plants.Psidium guajava L.

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Home Search Contact. Guajava pyrifera L. Kuntze Guajava pyriformis Gaertn. Myrtus guajava L. Kuntze Psidium aromaticum L. Psidium pomiferum L. Psidium pyriferum L. Psidium sapidissimum Jacq. Ripening fruit Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr.

White-fleshed fruit Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr.

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Pink-fleshed form Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Fruiting branch Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr. Flower Photograph by: Karen. Volume 1. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.

psidium guajava

Readable yet also very detailed. Year ISBN Description Excellent guide to medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.

A wealth of colour photographs bring each plant vividly to life. Publisher Kampong Publications, California. Year ISBN Description The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.

Publisher Timber Press. Year ISBN Description Excellent book, covering over 1, species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses. Add a Comment: If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Email Private :. Last update on Now containing plants.Hawaii Native Status: Introduced.

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This naturalized fruit tree is native to southern Mexico, Central America, and tropical parts of South America. Description: The slightly fragrant flowers have numerous white stamens and 4 or 5 white petals that are soon shed. The fruits are round to egg-shaped, up to 4 inches 10 cm long and have persistent calyx lobes, yellow skin, pink flesh, and numerous yellowish seeds. The fruit ripens in the summer.

The leaves are leathery, shiny above, and oblong to elliptic in shape with distinctive parallel rows of depressed secondary veins emerging from the midvein. The crushed leaves have a resinous smell. The bark is smooth and reddish brown in color. Here in Hawaii, Guava is an invasive, thicket-forming weed in disturbed areas from sea level to around feet m in elevation.

The other Guava species found here in Hawaii, Strawberry Guava Psidium cattleianumhas smaller, red fruit and does not have prominently veined leaves. Edible — The flesh of the ripe fruits is edible and quite delicious. The fruit can be eaten fresh or cooked, with or without the seeds, or made into flavorful juice or jelly.

Only eat the perfectly ripe fruits since the green underripe fruits are unpleasantly astringent and the soft overripe fruits have a spoiled, rotten flavor.

Fragrant — The fruits are highly fragrant with the strong, sweet, musky, tropical fruit scent characteristic of Guavas. A couple of ripe Gauvas in a fruit bowl can scent a room.

Hawaii County Distribution Map. Flower Color: White Flowering Season: Spring Height: Up to 25 feet 8 m tall or more in favorable locations Description: The slightly fragrant flowers have numerous white stamens and 4 or 5 white petals that are soon shed.

Special Characteristics Edible — The flesh of the ripe fruits is edible and quite delicious.Synonymous: Psidium guajava var. Distribution and habitat: Psidium guajava is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America.

Psidium guajava is grown successfully in tropical and subtropical regions up to m feet above sea-level.

Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants

It was adopted as a crop in Asia and Africa. Now it occurs throughout the Pacific islands. Generally, it is a home fruit tree or planted in small groves, except in India where it is a major commercial resource. It is cultivated in gardens but often it was escaped and naturalized where introduced.

Description: Psidium guajavais a large evergreen to 10m 33 feet with spreading branches. It is easy to recognize because of its smooth, thin, copper-coloured bark that flakes off, showing the greenish layer beneath.

Guava Tree

Young twigs are quadrangular and downy. The leaves, aromatic when crushed, are opposite with short-petiole, oval or oblong-elliptic, somewhat irregular in outline; 7 to 15cm 3 to 6 inch long, cm inch wide, leathery, with conspicuous parallel veins and more or less downy on the underside.

Faintly fragrant, the white flowers, borne singly or in small clusters in the leaf axils, are 2. The fruit, exuding a strong, sweet, musky odour when ripe, may be round, ovoid or pear-shaped, 5 to 10cm inch long, with 4 or 5 protruding floral remnants sepals at the apex; and thin, light-yellow skin, frequently blushed with pink. Next to the skin is a layer of somewhat granular flesh, 3 to Actual seed counts have ranged from to but some guava are seedless or nearly so.

When immature and until a very short time before ripening, the fruit is green, hard, gummy within and very astringent. Gardening: When cultivated from seed, Psidium guajava trees are notable for an extremely slow growth rate for several months, before a very rapid acceleration in growth rate takes over. From seed, Psidium guajava may bloom and set fruit in as few as 2 years or as many as 8 years. Highly adaptable, Psidium guajava can be easily grown as container plants in temperate regions, though their ability to bloom and set fruit is somewhat less predictable.

The Psidium guajava is said to produce more fruit in areas that have a distinct winter season, compared to tropical areas. Psidium guajava tree survives well the competition of weeds, grass and brush. Growth is benefited by root association with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. This thin-barked species is easily top-killed by fire and is sensitive to frost. Location: Plant Psidium guajava in full sun. It grows well over a wide climatic range.

It thrives in both humid and dry climates. Protect these plants in frost prone areas. Optimum distance between the trees should be at least 10m 33 feet. The species is moderately intolerant of shade. It develops a broad, low crown if open grown, grows a more vertical crown with side shade and becomes tall and spindly in intermediate shade positions. Soil: Psidium guajava can be cultivated on varied types of soils from heavy clay to very light sandy soils.

Nevertheless, very good quality guavas are produced in river-basins.New Arrivals. Rare Plants. Flowering Trees. Fragrant Plants. Flowering Shrubs. Flowering Vines.

psidium guajava

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Psidium guajava

Vines for fences. Small yards. Small container garden. Indoor garden. Cold hardy. Hot and dry spots. Butterfly attractors. Shade garden. Low maintenance. Mango varieties. Low chill fruit trees. Tropical magnolia. Desert rose Adenium. This catalog is for information only. If you don't see the price - the plant is not for sale. Click on image to enlarge.

psidium guajava

Pictogram Guide you may also see symbol definition in a pop-up window by mouse-pointing on pictogram. The Guava is well known throughout the tropics, many people are familiar with it because of the large number of products made from this aromatic fruit.


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